The industrial pneumatic system is a popular way for companies across many industries to remain cost-effective on maintenance and prolong their machine lifespans. The function and design of a pneumatic system might sound complex at first, but once you break it down to its most basic processes and components, like the pressure or volume regulating valves, it becomes easier to understand its importance.
Pneumatic technology is not unique to industrial processes, and its applications are now being seen in different sectors. Pneumatics use compressed air, that of which is accumulated within the system alongside pressurized gasses to carry out industrial automation. As a result, pneumatics have significantly contributed to automation work in various applications, primarily at an operational level for larger-scale businesses and organizations.
Essential Components of a Pneumatic System
The pneumatic compression and expansion process relies on the different properties of gasses as pressure and temperature change. With increasing pressure and temperature, the volume of gas decreases, and when the pressure is released, the same amount of air can occupy the largest volume available. A pneumatic system can control several movements with this pressurized air, such as moving and holding a component or part.
The major components of a pneumatic system include a compressor that compresses air to the desired pressure and temperature. The system has a compressed air tank or a receiver to store compressed air while maintaining its temperature. An air valve is also available to control the distribution and flow direction of the compressed air. Pneumatic actuators are the movers of a pneumatic system and can take any form, such as air cylinders or robotic arms that move materials and drill bits. Most often, these devices have linear moving paths that follow straight lines. The other components of a pneumatic system are the working mechanism, cylinders, rods, and bearings.
The Application of Pneumatics in Industrial Sectors
Pneumatics have been an integral part of industrial development for centuries, and it is no different today. They first appeared in historical industrial applications such as bellows or catapults, but during World War II, they played an essential role in fulfilling large scale production demands. Today, we see these same devices and systems successfully utilized across multiple industries.
A pneumatic system is a great way to automate industrial processes. The increasing use of automated industrial systems makes pneumatics essential for many applications, such as automatic door opening systems, elevators, and forklifts. Machinery stations also utilize pneumatic tools throughout production chains like the agriculture/food industry or chemical pharmaceuticals and the automotive industry for assembly lines.
Automating processes is an ongoing task that requires innovation to stay ahead. In addition, all systems involved in movement and displacement have played an essential role in this development, such as belt conveyors and roller conveyors being critical players as they are efficient, yet safe enough for the automation process.
Thanks to the implementation of pneumatics, robotic systems now perform high-precision movements and change their direction quickly and precisely. In addition, the use of pneumatic tools technology in the automation industry has allowed rapid rotational or percussive actions at breakneck speeds that are precise enough when performing tasks.
There are many advantages of using pneumatic components over fluids. For example, gas is not prone to shock damage, so pneumatic components can be used for machinery that must withstand high forces like construction equipment or presses where the liquid would otherwise fail due to its sensitive nature. Infinite Industrials is the leading distributor of pneumatics devices and industrial fasteners in the automation industry if you require a pneumatic system for your project. Feel free to contact us for your queries and requirements.
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